Survey of Political Elites and Public Servants

From November 19th, 2020 to January 9th, 2021, LaPira and Furnas conducted a survey of 2,849 of U.S.-based political elites and public servants identified through Leadership Connect’s directory of “key decision makers in government, business, and media.” The margin of error is ±2.0 percentage points. For information regarding question wording used in our analysis published in the Monkey Cage, see below.

Likely Voter Companion Survey

From December 16 to December 17, 2020, Data for Progress conducted a survey of 1,098 likely voters nationally using web panel respondents. The sample was weighted to be representative of likely voters by age, gender, education, race, and voting history. The survey was conducted in English. The margin of error is ±3.0 percentage points. The the front end of the survey included a registered voter screen. Speeders and respondents that failed an attention check were dropped from the sample.